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Cambridge Personality and Social Dynamics Research Group



We are involved in a number of Internet-based projects. Here are a few of them:

  • Outofservice - Big Five Personality Test - this is an ongoing project headed by Jeff Potter and Sam Gosling that includes questions about demographic characteristics and personality traits.
  • Outofservice - Musical Preference Test - this is an ongoing project with Jeff Potter that includes a number of questions about musical preferences and personality.
  • Musical Universe - this is an ongoing project headed by David Greenberg that has several musical and psychological measures, with over 150,000 completed tests.

In collaboration with Time Magazine we launched gamified surveys:



The Short Test of Musical Preferences

The STOMP is a 14-item scale assessing preferences in music genres. The STOMPR is a revised version of the scale assessing preferences for 23 genres. In the original version, we identified four broad music-preference dimensions. Subsequent analyses suggest that five factors provide a better fit for the data. You can download the latest version of the STOMPR below, along with instructions for computing scores for the four factor and five factor solutions.

Short Test of Musical Preferences - Revised (STOMPR)

STOMPR scoring instructions and reliabilities

Musical clips

In our more recent research we have used brief musical excerpts as items, in which participants are asked to indicate the degree to which they like the musical piece. Below you can find links where you can download the excerpts we used.

  • To download the musical clips that we used in Rentfrow, P. J., Goldberg, L. R., & Levitin, D. J. (2011). The structure of musical preferences: A five-factor model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100, 1139-1157. Follow this link.
  • To download the musical clips that we used in Rentfrow, P. J., Goldberg, L. R., Stillwell, D. J., Kosinski, M., Gosling, S. D., and Levitin, D. L. (2012). The song remains the same: A replication and extension of the MUSIC model. Music Perception, 30, 161-185. Follow this link.


Sam Gosling and Dr. Rentfrow developed a brief personality measure for assessing the Big Five personality domains.